Pentatonic Scales are directly derived from natural Major and Minor scales. Penta is 5, tonic is Tones-our sounds-A scale with 5 tones or notes. Pentatonic scales are very common and are found all over the world.
Dismiss 4th and 7th notes from Natural Major scale, from any root.
Example Tab of A Major Pentatonic 1st octave(A,B,C#,E,F#,A):
Task :Play the Scale on metronome on 120,3/4 ( 2 notes per beat)-Ascending and Descending.
Dismiss 2nd and 6th notes from natural Minor scale, from any root.
Example tab for A minor Pentatonic 1st octave(A,C,D,E,G,A):